I want to share some of my experiences in photo editing. Technically, editing photos has to do with choosing the best ones, not as in processing and adding effects. (A newspaper editor sifts through and selects content, rather than only fixing typos)
The first and the last photos of a sequence are usually the best
When I am taking a photo of unsual shapes such as a forest or broken buildings, my first shot is usually the best, since I usually capture the shapes I saw from that point of view which was the reason I lifted my camera to my eye. There may be some distracting or imperfect elements, but if these are not too obvious (or easy to crop out) then the photo is still a keeper. If the initial photo was good, it can be hard to walk away and come back and get the exact same striking composition and angle.
Unfortunately, my first photo of a sequence is often plagued with several issues.
- It may not have been in focus (autof focus was confused or you were just unlucky)
- blurred from handshake (urgency to take the photos), or have innappropriate aperture, or incorrectly exposed (due to sky or shadows).
- there may be a better angle (crouching) or spot (on a hill) which could produce a better image of the subject or scene.
Sometimes I want to refine the photo if I am not happy with it, or I want to take a few in case the focus or metering is a bit off. It helps to make gradual changes from one photo to the next to deal with issues, which means the final photos will be immensely better than the first few at the start (particularly if those first few had no clear subject or purpose).
There may be some distracting items (bit of sky at the top, white car in the background) which can be removed, I like refine the composition by stepping to the side, looking up slightly, removing distracting items or clutter.
I have a good memory and eye for detail, so I like to make a lot lot changes in one go, if the initial photo was disappointing in several respects. Such as choose a warmer white balance, change focusing to spot instead of auto, compensate EV down by 1 stop, turn VR on (it might have been off for tripod work) and maybe zoom in or stand closer.
Don’t delete photos on the back of your camera.
- If you have the space on your memory card, you don’t have to delete photos. If you do delete something, it’s only saving you like 2 seconds when you choose to delete it on your computer rather (when you can retrieve from the recycle bin easily).
- The standard preview is not sharp, unless you press the zoom in button (magnifying glass with a plus sign), which zooms in slightly. Also pictures look different in sharpness and maybe even composition or business, when comparing the small LCD to a computer monitor.
- Colours are not reliable – my D90 has a magenta tint to the LCD and the D7000 has a green tint. This is noticeable when the D7000 photos seem a lot greener on the LCD than on a computer. And even when looking at the menus with the screen side by side of the two cameras, the D7000 is very green.
Over- or underexposure can be good
Don’t always disregard or delete a photo if it too dark or too brighter. Often a lot of detail can be recovered in processing a RAW file. They tend to capture more detail in the shadows than highlights, so if I want the sky and ground to be darker I will choose a photo that is underexposed by -0.3EV to or maybe -1EV, then brighten the ground will fill light or a gradient while keeping the sky a deep blue.
I like to use Lightroom3 for RAW processing by Adobe Camera RAW for Photoshop should be fine. I find that if photos of people are overexposed by 0.3EV or 0.6EV, you can decrease the Exposure value in the software and the colour will come back and the white shiny highlights on their face will disappear. Trying to correct for a whole stop (1EV) difference usually means the skin tones turn grey.
If a photo of people or a landscape is underexposed, increasing Exposiging in processing usually increases saturation (grass in the shadows becomes greener) and increased contrast. The contrast can be solved by decreasing Blacks value from 5 to say 3, or altering Contrast or Tone Curve.
Deliberately overexposing on your camera can work well for high key portraits on location or the studio. I find evening light or cloudy weather suitable for this, since the soft even lighting on the face suits balances with the naturally high contrast look of high key. The eyes and mouth have more emphasis, imperfections on the skin tend to disappear and the background goes light and dreamy.
I have figured out two tips for making ISO adjustment easy on Nikon cameras. I have used this on D90 and D7000, I don’t know if it will work on others.
TIP 1: How to set ISO without pressing the ISO button
If helps to set the ISO with your right hand only if you need the other for focusing, supporting the lens, etc. So here is what you can do.
- Custom Setting Menu
- d Shooting/display
- d3 ISO display and adjustment
- select “Show ISO/easy ISO”
Now, if you are P or S mode, the aperture dial (scroller near the On switch) changes ISO. If you are in A mode, the shutter dial (thumb scroller) changes ISO.
TIP 2: How to switch to/from Auto-ISO quickly
Under My Menu, I have customised position 1 as “Auto ISO sensity control” and position 2 as “ISO sensitivity settings”.
That saves me having to go into the ordinary menu, but I wanted to do something even for efficient.
Press the Info button and go to “Assign Fn button”. Choose “Access top item in MY MENU”. Now, when you press the function button with your right hand 2nd finger, you will skip all menus and get an option on the screen to turn Auto-ISO On or Off. I find this invaluable when switching between high ISO ambient shots and flash (low ISO) photos.
Read the of My Jokes and Quotes.
When surgeon operate on old people, do they listen to hip op music?
When I pilot goes on holiday, does that mean he takes off work?
If someone was caught stealing hay, could you bale them out of jail?
Does helping someone steal a handbag make me an accessory?
If you give someone weed at a trance party, does that make it a transplant?
Why was the fireplace happy? It was stoked.
Some people end their sentences with a preposition, but what for?
When we both had the same idea, someone told me “Great minds think alike.” I told them that great minds don’t compare themselves to other great minds.
Making a CD-R is like going to the gym: you get ripped and feel the burn.
Time travel is so last week.
I hate clichés with a passion.
I dropped a bottle of spring water and it bounced. True story.
In hindsight, I wish I’d had eyes on the back of my head.
I play the mouth organ, but I would never harm Monica.
I read astronomers have found alcohol in space. Wanna bet that the first astronauts to be there will be students?
A doctor a day keeps the apple away.
Artists can put paint on a palette, but that doesn’t make it palatable.
If you go to France and talk about kilograms, they won’t understand you because they’ll think you’re speaking in tongues…
When a friend yawns, I say “Yeah, you said it” in agreement.